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UK POLITICS GUIDE
UK System of Government: Constitutional Monarchy
The UK is a multi-party system and, in the 1920s, the Labour Party replaced the Liberals as the one major political party competing with the Conservatives. Though coalition and minority governments have been an occasional feature of Parliamentary politics, the winner-take-all electoral system used for general elections tends to maintain the dominance of two parties.
Support for nationalist parties in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales led to proposals for devolution in the 1970s, though only in the 1990s did devolution actually happen. Today, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland each possess a legislature and government alongside that of the United Kingdom, responsible for devolved matters. However, it is a matter of dispute as to whether increased autonomy and devolution of executive and legislative powers has contributed to a reduction in support for independence.
The constitution of the United Kingdom is uncodified, being made up of constitutional conventions, statutes and other elements in a system of government known as the Westminster System.